Retired minister Carlos Mário Velloso, who presided over the Superior Electoral Court docket (TSE) when digital voting machines started for use in Brazil, participated in a roundtable this Friday (29) on the College of Brasília (UnB) on the digital voting machine. and the Brazilian digital voting system.
Throughout the occasion, a part of the 74th annual assembly of the Brazilian Society for the Progress of Science (SBPC), the e book “The whole lot you all the time needed to know concerning the Brazilian digital voting machine” was launched, authored by researcher Fernanda Soares Andrade and printed by Nationwide Union of Federal Public Servants within the Space of Science and Know-how within the Aerospace Sector (SindCT). Fernanda ceded her copyright on the work to the TSE, in order that new editions might be made to disseminate extra details about the digital voting machine.
In his speech, Velloso recalled the administration on the head of the Electoral Court docket when, within the 1994 Normal Elections – when voting was nonetheless accomplished on paper – quite a few circumstances of electoral fraud had been registered within the metropolis of Rio de Janeiro. These occasions marked, based on the minister, the second when the dialogue across the growth of an electoral system for Brazil that was safer and free from human interference started to take form.
“The TSE realized that it wanted to interact within the pc age and put the human hand away from votes as soon as and for all”, recalled the previous president of the Electoral Court docket. This was the rationale that justified the convening of a fee of 40 notables, amongst jurists and scientists within the space of Data Know-how from varied civil and navy establishments, to develop research for the implementation of digital voting in Brazil.
“Our urn is Tupiniquim. It was Brazilians who made it, for use in Brazil”, concluded the previous president of the TSE. For him, the assaults which were made on the digital voting system offend the Brazilian folks, as a result of they forged doubt on our nation’s skill to supply one thing that’s thought of a reference all through the world.
Introducing the digital voting machine
Additionally collaborating within the spherical desk had been the researcher from the Pontifical Catholic College of Rio Grande do Sul (PUC-RS), Avelino Francisco Zorzo, and the coordinator of Modernization of the TSE, Célio Castro Wermerlinger. At their time, the 2 introduced to the viewers how the creation and growth of the digital voting system happened and all the safety and auditing steps surrounding the votes deposited within the digital voting machines.
Professor Avelino Zorzo gave an outline of the evolution of the electoral system in Brazil till it reached the digital poll field. He confirmed that it might take hundreds of years for an individual, with the assistance of a robust pc, to interrupt a single one of many dozens of cryptographic keys that the digital voting system is provided with.
When citing the conclusion by the TSE, since 2009, of the Public Safety Exams of the digital voting machine and the digital voting system, he invited the UnB college students who had been watching the talk to, within the subsequent elections, additionally contribute to the strengthening of the safety of the system Brazilian electoral. “The extra we are able to collaborate with the TSE, the higher,” he mentioned.
Célio Wermerlinger, in flip, defined that the digital voting machine was developed in Brazil to satisfy the nation’s wants and with traits that facilitate its assimilation by Brazilians. He identified that, on the time of its creation, there was no voting tools on the planet that had the required traits for use in our nation “That’s the reason we selected to develop a 100% Brazilian system and course of, designed for the our folks,” he defined.
His lecture addressed, level by level, how the auditing and inspection of votes takes place, from the event of the techniques to the post-election section. He identified that the digital voting system is protected, clear, auditable, revolutionary and quick, along with being inclusive, because it permits the blind, deaf and illiterate to vote.
He concluded by exposing the Eleções do Futuro challenge, which seeks extra environment friendly and extra economically viable options to be ultimately carried out within the digital voting system. Among the many applied sciences being studied are the end-to-end voting protocol, post-quantum cryptography, shared keys and Blockchain know-how.